Why AWS is Important

Mission Statement

The mission of the Association of Women Surgeons is to inspire, encourage and enable  women surgeons to realize their professional and personal goals.


  • To promote professional growth and development,
  • To enhance and facilitate interaction among women surgeons throughout the world,
  • To foster an environment supportive of personal values and individual diversity, and
  • To advance the highest standards of competence and ethical behavior.

Current Statistics

  1. The number of women who are general surgeons has consistently increased over the past 30 years, from 3.6% in 1980 to 8.8% in 1995 to 13.6% in 2007 to 19.2% in 2015. While 10% of general surgery residents were women in 1980, this number increased to 21% in 1995 and stood at 38% in 2015.
  2. Currently there are 18 women Chairs of Departments of Surgery in the United States.
  3. Women constitute 8% of Professors, 13% of Associate Professors and 26% of Assistant Professors of Surgery.
  4. The 100-year-old American College of Surgeons (ACS) has had:
    a. Five women Chairs of the Board of Governors
    b. Four women recipients of the Distinguished Service Award,
    c. Three women Presidents
    d. Two women Division Directors.
    e. Two women surgeon have served as chair of the Board of Regents since October 2012.
    f. No woman has served as the Executive Director of the American College Surgeons.
  5. The American Surgical Association named its first woman president in 2015.

Common Questions

Why do we need AWS?

a. AWS addresses the unique challenges that women surgeons face such as:

  • Balancing family issues with the demands of a surgical career, including when to have children;
  • Pay and promotion equity issues; and
  • The lack of women in academic leadership positions.

b. AWS has been a leader in providing mentorship at all surgical levels to both women and men.

  • The AWS Pocket Mentorwas first published in 1993. Since then four updates have been published and nearly 50,000 books have been distributed to men and women medical students, residents, program directors, department chairs, libraries and schools. The AWS Pocket Mentor is also distributed at other medical conferences.

c. The American College of Surgeons recognizes AWS with a Governor position, as it does with other specialty  organizations, thus communicating that we serve an important constituency.

There isn’t an all-men’s organization, so why should we support an all women’s organization?

  • There isn’t a need for a “male surgeon” organization since most of the surgical organizations are, as noted in the statistics above, comprised primarily of men with men in almost all the leadership positions.
  • AWS membership is open to men, as well as women.
  • All AWS resources, including our popular Pocket Mentor and family leave policies, are accessible to everyone on our Website.


  1. Physician Characteristics and Distribution in the US, 2009. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2009.
  2. FREIDA Online. 2011. (Accessed here January 6, 2012)
  3. Rowley B, Baldwin DC, Jr., McGuire M. Selected Characteristics of Graduate Medical Education in the United States. JAMA 1991;266:933-43.
  4. Distribution of U.S. Medical School Faculty by Sex, Rank, and Department. 2010. (Accessed January 6, 2012,at .)

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